The International Journal of Applied Language Studies and Culture <p>In order to be an effective communicator in today’s interconnected world, beside being technologically savvy there is also a need to be aware of how language shape different social realities. Learning a foreign language, teaching foreign languages and intercultural communication are only few of the domains that one should take into account when discussing applied language studies.</p> <p>After carefully reviewing existing journals of applied language and studies, our institution saw a possibility to add to the existing body of publications by establishing a journal where researchers will be able to express their unique approach towards applied language&nbsp;&nbsp; topics by&nbsp;following the concepts of post-positivistic and cultural criticism approach.&nbsp;</p> en-US (Mr Alfred Irshaid) (Lazar Stošić, PhD) Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Teaching and Testing Grammar in Moroccan Departments of English Studies across Reforms <p> This article purports to examine how the expectations of the educational reforms in Moroccan higher education have impacted the teaching and testing of tertiary level grammar. In particular, the hypothesis we defend here is that teaching and testing tertiary level grammar remain constant; therefore, the impact of the various reforms on tertiary level testing is of little consequence. In pursuance of this aim, this paper uses a qualitative approach and content analysis method of the course descriptions of the grammar courses that were suggested across the various reforms. The course descriptions we attempt to analyze are adopted in the English Studies tracks of four major departments in Moroccan universities. The main dimensions that we look at and examine here as the measures for our comparative evaluation are; course objectives, time allotted, the syllabi they contain, teaching methodology, and evaluation modes. The findings confirm that the various reforms, have had little impact on the teaching and testing of grammar in higher education. The paper concludes by suggesting a few pedagogical recommendations vis-à-vis the teaching and testing of grammar in Moroccan Departments of English studies.</p> Meriem Harrizi, Ayoub Loutfi Copyright (c) 2021 The International Journal of Applied Language Studies and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 What is the Nature And Extent of the Influence of Educational Leadership on Staff Morale, Job Satisfaction, and Motivation? <p class="Default">In a time where retaining qualified teachers is crucial, one cannot ignore the importance of teacher job satisfaction, morale, and motivation in shaping teachers’ intentions to remain in the profession. This is where educational leadership comes into play. This paper looks at the nature and extent of the impact of educational leadership on three important aspects of the job, namely staff morale, job satisfaction, and motivation. The latter constructs are each redefined and reconceptualized as the lack of consensus and the ambiguity in their respective meanings can greatly affect how they are applied as well as their results. When applied to the teaching context, Herzberg’s motivation hygiene theory was found to be unapplicable in relation to theory transferability and the separate categorization of job satisfaction and dissatisfaction. The latter are greatly affected by not only leadership style per se, but more precisely by the teacher’s perception of a certain leadership style. This individuality dimension also affects the ideological compatibility between teachers and work contexts, having a direct impact on job satisfaction. Nonetheless, although educational leadership has proven not to be the sole factor in teacher job satisfaction, morale and motivation, leaders must possess the right knowledge and understanding about the needs, expectations, attitudinal responses, and characteristics of their staff as individual members of a group in order to be able to positively affect their perceptions.</p> Ruba Mohamed Najia Copyright (c) 2021 The International Journal of Applied Language Studies and Culture Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000