THE POETICS OF REALISM AND THAT OF SOCIALIST REALISM
Keywords:Poetry of realism, socialist realism, novel, community, individual, young man
When discussing the poetics of realism, we consider the fact that the indisputable dominant literary genre is the novel which, since the 18th century, in the context of romantization, turned out to be a suitable form for expressing the basic contradiction of romantization, the one between the individual and the community, where the hero is a direct expression of the archetype of the romantic individual. Later, in the nineteenth century, the novel became the main literary genre in Western literature as well, which, through the development of the psychological novel (the non-psychological, pre-psychological novel, is only a form of epic or satire) becomes an expression of the individualist vocation characterizing western civilization, when the latter has finally passed from the traditional (holistic) society to modern (individualist) society. Even in the poetics of socialist realism, the novel remains the most favorite lyrical genre (in addition to poems and lyrical poetry) being directly linked to the base paradigm of the communist regime, which was the creation of a ‘New Man’.
Arendt, Hannah: The Origins of Totalitarianism. Orlando, FL: Harcourt Brace,1980. https://www.azioniparallele.it/images/materiali/Totalitarianism.pdf
Bakhtin, Mikhail; Epic and novel. In: Issues of the novel. f. 19-62. Translated by Muhamet Kërnja. Rilindja, Pristina, 1980. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1zxshz3.5?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents
Honoré de Balzac: Père Goriot. Translated by Enver Fico, Argeta-LGM, Tirana, 2004. https://bukinist.al/sq/realist/7741-xha-gorioi.html
Dobrenko, Evgony: The Making of the State Writer: Social and Aesthetic Origins of Soviet Literary Culture, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001 (partial internet consultation).
Foks, R.: Socialist Realism in Critical Studies. Publishing house “Naim frashëri”, Tirana, 1982.
Hellebus, Rolf: Socialist Realism Without Shores. article, published in “Canadian Slavonic Paper”, September 1st , 1998. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40870016?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
Hilton, Tim: Art of the State, an article published in The Independent, April 27th, 1997.
Lanksh, Joachim: The Literary Inheritance of Dictatorship, published in: Literature as such-Evaluation Problems of Evaluaion of Our Literary Heritage, The Academy of Sciencies - The Institute of Linguistics and Literature, “Toena” 1996.
Morris, Pam, Chapter, Literary Realism as Formal Art, in the book: REALISM, Routledge-Taylor & Fransis Group, London and New York, 2005.
Nikolla, Albert P. The young Albanian man. Onufri, Tirana, 2012. https://www.sup.org/books/title/?id=758